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The right time to invest in properties in Spain?
Keep in mind: Taxation and other costs!(PresseBox) ( Munich, )
Many foreign and resident investors are still hesitating, because real estate prices are expected to fall even further. Once the economy starts picking up, one could consider reacting swiftly and purchasing property in preferred locations.
In any case, private buyers would be well advised to weigh the pros and cons carefully before coming to a final decision. Anyone buying a vacation home in Spain just to use it once to four times a year should be doing so for pleasure and not purely as an investment.
Spanish tax authorities impose considerable taxes on any property purchases – in the form of the TIP (real-estate transfer tax) at a rate of at least 7% to 8% of the purchase price. If a company handles the purchase of a building site, as much as 21% in value added tax plus stamp duty of 1.5% to 2.5% can be added (see table). The real-estate transfer tax is charged to the customer, as is the value added tax. Of less importance, relatively speaking, is the municipal capital gains tax, usually only a few hundred or a thousand euros.
Notary fees are money well spent.
A notarized bill of sale and an entry made in the land register are not necessary to validate the purchase of real estate in Spain. However, it is highly recommended if you want to save yourself some nasty surprises. There have been cases of real estate having been sold several times over. Trying to get your money back is a long ordeal. When the services of a notary are employed to have the real estate recorded in the land register, the transaction can be regarded as watertight.
Private individuals who own real estate in Spain are responsible for filing their own income tax returns. Not only rental income earned is taxable (at a rate of 24.75% of the gross rental revenue), but also personal use, at a rate of 24.75% on 1.1% - 2% of the cadastral value. Spanish municipalities also impose property tax, at rates of 0.6% to 1.3% of the cadastral values.
The Spanish inheritance tax law and the gift tax may be time bombs waiting to go off for foreign owners of Spanish estate if they are not familiar with the Spanish tax system. Therefore expert advice is essential.
Joerg Hörauf, ECOVIS Barcelona, Spain, email@example.com
Larsen Lüngen, ECOVIS Köln/Krefeld/Düsseldorf, Germany, firstname.lastname@example.org
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