Roche Applied Science Makes Exome Sequencing a Reality, a Giant Step Towards Personalized Medicine
Capture all human protein coding and miRNA exons on a single NimbleGen microarray and sequence with the Genome Sequencer FLX System from 454 Life Sciences
Human exome sequencing is considered by many researchers to be "the holy grail" for re-sequencing that will lead to significant biomedical breakthroughs. Exons are the most functionally relevant portion of the genome and are comprised of short segments of DNA that provide the genetic blueprint for proteins. As such, exome sequencing enables the discovery of much of the functional variation that is responsible for many common and rare diseases (e.g. cancer and Alzheimer's disease). Exome sequencing research is also expected to shed light on why diseases like diabetes occur more often in certain populations, and can help uncover why drugs are effective only in a subset of the individuals or population. Prior to the release of NimbleGen Sequence Capture Human Exome microarrays, the sequencing of the exome was neither technically nor economically feasible, as conventional PCR methods for the preparation of "all" human-coding exons are expensive and time-consuming. In 2009, the technologies of Roche NimbleGen's Sequence Capture and the 454 Sequencing System have made complete human exome sequencing a reality, and can ultimately produce technology to feed the research pipeline and nourish the development of personalized healthcare.
When asked about Roche NimbleGen's role in contributing to personalized healthcare using Sequence Capture technology, Gerd Maass, CEO of Roche NimbleGen, stated: "Offering innovative, next generation tools that are reliable leads to dramatically reducing the costs of DNA sequencing and opens up new and quicker means for discoveries about biological disease pathways. In the future, these types of ground-breaking technologies, and the data and knowledge they provide are expected to allow comprehensive understanding of any information from the genome and enable personalized healthcare strategies for diagnosis, prevention, and treatment".
As part of Roche Applied Sciences' commitment to furthering genomics research, NimbleGen Sequence Capture Human Exome microarrays are an integrated solution when used with the GS FLX Titanium Series Kits from 454 Life Sciences, launched in late 2008. The Sequence Capture arrays are optimized for subsequent ultra-high throughput sequencing with the GS FLX Titanium series kits and enable accurate detection of genomic variation. The new GS FLX Titanium chemistry expands upon the previous series by providing researchers with an even greater sequencing power of more than 400bp sequencing reads and over 1 million reads per run. The 454 Sequencing system also includes dedicated analysis tools for mapping reads and detecting variants from data of captured DNA from NimbleGen arrays, allowing straightforward interpretation of results.
The Human Exome Array targets ~180,000 human protein coding exons and ~700 miRNA exons using 2.1 million long oligonucleotide probes (>60mer) on a single microarray. The array design is based on the April 30, 2008 build of the Consensus CDS (CCDS) database project, which represents a collaborative effort to identify a core set of high-quality human and mouse protein coding regions. To learn more, researchers interested in Human Exome arrays can also search for their genes of interest and examine the coverage by probes for this design by downloading the annotation files from the Roche NimbleGen website (www.nimblegen.com/...). Researchers interested in capturing 5Mb or less of select human genomic regions can utilize NimbleGen Sequence Capture 385K Arrays.
Roche NimbleGen is a leading innovator, manufacturer, and supplier of a proprietary suite of DNA microarrays, consumables, instruments, and services. Roche NimbleGen uniquely produces high-density arrays of long oligo probes that provide greater information content and higher data quality necessary for studying the full diversity of genomic and epigenomic variation. The improved performance is made possible by Roche NimbleGen's proprietary Maskless Array Synthesis (MAS) technology, which uses digital light processing and rapid, high-yield photochemistry to synthesize long oligo, high-density DNA microarrays with extreme flexibility. For more information about Roche NimbleGen, please visit the company's website at www.nimblegen.com.
454 Life Sciences, a center of excellence of Roche Applied Science, develops and commercializes the innovative 454 Sequencing system for ultra-high-throughput DNA sequencing. Specific applications include de novo sequencing and re-sequencing of genomes, metagenomics, RNA analysis, and targeted sequencing of DNA regions of interest. The hallmarks of the 454 Sequencing system are its simple, unbiased sample preparation and long, highly accurate sequence reads, including paired-end reads. The technology of the 454 Sequencing system has enabled hundreds of peer-reviewed studies in diverse research fields, such as cancer and infectious disease research, drug discovery, marine biology, anthropology, paleontology and many more.
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Über Roche Diagnostics GmbH
Headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, Roche is one of the world's leading research-focused healthcare groups in the fields of pharmaceuticals and diagnostics. As the world's biggest biotech company and an innovator of products and services for the early detection, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, the Group contributes on a broad range of fronts to improving people's health and quality of life. Roche is the world leader in in-vitro diagnostics and drugs for cancer and transplantation, and is a market leader in virology. It is also active in other major therapeutic areas such as autoimmune diseases, inflammatory and metabolic disorders and diseases of the central nervous system. In 2007 sales by the Pharmaceuticals Division totaled 36.8 billion Swiss francs, and the Diagnostics Division posted sales of 9.3 billion francs. Roche has R&D agreements and strategic alliances with numerous partners, including majority ownership interests in Genentech and Chugai, and invested over 8 billion Swiss francs in R&D in 2007. Worldwide, the Group employs about 80,000 people. Additional information is available on the Internet at www.roche.com.